In the deliberations leading to Milan’s Food Policy, EStà [Economia e Sostenibilità, the authors of this volume] have helped devise a new approach in the draft document Le Dieci Questioni della Food Policy di Milano [Ten Issues for Milan’s Food Policy], capturing the complexity of the city’s food world, facilitating analysis of its many components and the articulation of a general vision laid out in ten broad spheres bringing together objectives, actions, and criteria for measuring their effectiveness.
These Ten Issues are intertwined with the competencies distinguishing the majority of local bodies, but they do not necessarily correspond to technical or governmental responsibilities in the sector. Each of the Ten Issues should be seen primarily as a point of view from which to consider all the others. Each of them concerns the city as a whole; including issues dealt with by a plurality of actors that operate according to different logics and organizational imperatives, including those outside the jurisdiction of local authorities. The Ten Issues are as follows:
Supporting innovative forms of urban governance represents a fundamental element for the development of food policies as well as their implementation: the manifold nature of the issues surrounding food in fact requires the integration of themes, actors, and instruments that provide particular attention to the methods by which these subjects are addressed.
The theme of education is another component that can be found across almost all our cases: in fact, even more than as the subject of individual initiatives, education is an omnipresent element in other initiatives and policies to foster the change in perspective necessary to move from a view of food as a sector to one more capable of grasping its full complexity.
Waste refers to the many impacts generated both by lifestyle and consumption as well as the organization of the food cycle in all its phases.
The theme of access encapsulates all the ways in which needs and rights to food are articulated by or on behalf of various social groups: children, adults, the poor, immigrant communities, refugees, etc.
It takes into considerations the relations between health and lifestyle, both within pathology and daily life.
The urban food cycle has several implications for the environment that interact directly with the constituent components of the environment itself (air, water, soil, energy) or with its surroundings more generally.
It focuses on the interactions between agricultural production and its territory and environment.
It takes into account all topics related to food production, ranging from urban urban green roofs to big productions, from local markets to the international ones, innovations in terms of quality and organizations.
It is seen as the group of topics related to investments and fiscal issues linked to food and its context.
It gathers all the topics related to distribution systems and food trade and relations that they generate with cities and social dynamics.